MURRAH BUFFALO : Know more
In India, Dairy farming is one of the best and profitable business which provides the rural employment. When it comes to buffalo population, India has 55% of world buffalo population.
Physical Characters of Murrah
- Body : Sound built, heavy and wedge shaped.
- Head : Comparatively small.
- Face : Comparatively long.
- Neck : Comparatively long.
- Body colour : Jet-black.
- White markings on face and leg extremities may be there (2, 3), but are not generally preferred.
- Eyes : Should not be walled i.e. the cornea should not have whiteness.
- Tail : Long reaching upto fetlock joint (2, 3, and 6) with black or white switch upto (maximum) 8.0 inches (4).
- Horns : Different from other breeds of buffaloes; short, tight, turning backward and upward and finally spirally curving inward. The horns should be somewhat flattened. As the age advances the horns get loosened slightly but spiral curves increases.
- Limbs : Comparatively short but strong built.
- Skin : Soft, smooth with scanty hairs as compared to other buffaloes.
- Udder : Fully developed, drooping.
- Teats : Equally distributed over the udder but hind teats are longer than fore teats.
- Loin : Broader and sliding forward.
- Body weight : The average body weight of males, 550 Kg and the females, 450-Kg.
- Height : The average height at withers; male: 1.42 meter; female: 1.32 meter.
- Age at fist calving : 3 years but we have also the buffaloes, which calved at 3 years with good milk production.
- Inter-calving period : 400 to 500 days.
- Lactation period : 300 days. (with minimum of ~230 days recorded under top quality Murrah)
- Daily lactation in peak period : 14 to 15 litter but upto 31.5 Kg milk production had also been recorded. The elite Murrah buffalo produces above 18-litter milk per day. A peak milk yield of 31.5 kg in a day has been recorded from a champion Murrah buffalo in the All India Milk Yield Competition conducted by the Government of India.
- Dry period : About three months. But less than three may be there.
- Gestation period : 310 days (average)
2. More about Murrah Buffalo
As population growing day by day, it is essential to bring the best quality putfrom dairy farming. Usually buffaloes have multiple advantages when compared tocross-bred cows. As milk production is generating huge profits, even educatedindividuals along with other firms are getting into this business.
Murrah buffalo is the most preferred choice of many dairy farmers in Indian dairy farm business.Murrah breed is also known as “Delhi”, “Kundi” and “Kali”. Pure-bred Murrahbuffaloes are found in Punjab, Hisar, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Jind district of Haryana and Delhi and Western Uttar Pradesh. The Murrah buffalo is good milkproducer. The bulls of Murrah areextensively used to upgrade the non-descript buffalo stock. Murrah buffaloesare originated in India and distributed in Azerbaijan, Brazil, Colombia, China,Ecuador, Guatemala, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka,Vietnam and Venezuela.
Advantagesof Murrah Buffaloes:- The following are the advantages of Murrah Buffaloes.
- Murrah buffaloes can able to adopt any kind of climatic conditions in India. These are grown and reared in most of the states in India.
- Daily milk production is more in Murrah buffaloes. On an average Murrah Buffaloes give about 8-16 liters per day.
- The other big advantages these animals are, they are more disease resistant when compared to cross-bred cows.
- They can thrive on any crop residue in absence of concentrates during drought.
- As Buffalo milk contains more fat, and the milk price is more. This results in good returns.
Disadvantagesof Murrah Buffaloes:- Thefollowing are disadvantages of Murrah buffaloes.
- Late maturity of heifers 25-32 months.
- Inter-calving period is more (12-16 months).
- Heat detection is little difficult in Murrah buffaloes (silent heat).
- Usually, Pure-bred buffaloes are not easily available as their number is less in the country.
- Murrah Buffaloes are vicious when compared to cross-bred cows.
Price ofMurrah buffalo depends on the age and lactation capacity/milking capacity andother factors. On an average, one can get these from Rs. 35,000 (Thirty fivethousand to Rs 100,000 (one lakh).
Requirements and Care for Murrah Buffalo Dairy Farming
Depending on number of buffaloes in dairy farm, one should have enough land for green fodder production to meet the daily feed requirement.
- For example, if you are planning for a dairy farm with 50 buffaloes, you should own at least 10 acres of land for growing green fodder.
- Shed/house should be free from any floods or water logged areas. The flooring of the house should be kept dry and clean.
- Calves should be handles carefully until 4 to 5 months old as the mortality rate is high at this stage.
- Timely vaccinations should be carried out to prevent from any disease outbreak.
- Animals should be washed frequently to keep them clean.
- Any sick buffaloes should be separated from the group.
MurrahBuffalo Feed Schedule Chart:-
FeedingSchedule for Murrah Buffalo breed (Kg):
Type of animal Feeding during Green Fodder Dry Fodder Concentrate
Lactation days 25-30 4-5 3.5-4.0
Murrah (7.5 to 8.5 liter milk per day)
Dry days 20-25 5-6 05.-1.0
Â Nutrientrequirement of working bullocks:
Digestible Crude Protein Total Digestible Nutrients
Murrah Bull Body Weight (Kg) (Kg)
(Kg) Normal work Heavy work Normal work Heavy work (4 hours) (8 hours) (4 hours) (8 hours)
300 0.228 0.242 3.07 3.90
350 0.255 0.278 3.57 4.51
400 0.284 0.288 4.01 5.03
450 0.308 0.336 4.41 5.61
Fodder Production:- Green fodder and Silage can be fed to the animals. In order to reduce the operational cost of dairy farm,grow your own forage and prepare silage from green fodder crops.
Conclusion: Murrah Buffalo dairy farming is an excellent business for milk production. This breed is gaining popularity day by day and even distributed in other countries. Even it requires some capital for setting up this dairy, in long run it pays off and one can start getting huge profits by selling its milk.
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