Dairy Farm Business - Some points to be known before start
Well,anyone who wants to go for commercial dairy farming business in India will certainly have some basic questions. Let us discuss different type of questions related to starting a dairy farm in India.

Introduction of Dairy Farming Business:

Well, anyone who wants to go for commercial dairy farming business in India will certainly have some basic questions. Let us discuss a different type of questions related to starting a dairy farm in India.

dairy farm Business – What should I start with cows or buffaloes on my farm?

Well, there is no direct or easy answer for this and It depends on many factors. Generally, you can expect more milk from cows when compared to buffaloes.However, buffalo milk fat content is twice as much as cow milk because of this reason, buffalo milk gets a better price in local markets. When it comes to daily milking, milking a cow can be done by automated machines whereas it would be a difficult task for buffaloes. Buffaloes are hardy animals and more disease resistant when compared to cows. When it comes to price, cows are cheaper than buffaloes. Heat cycle detection is easy in cows when compared to buffaloes. So ultimately it is your decision to choose one of them. I have personally heard from many dairy farmers they like buffaloes than cows. However, the final call is yours, of course, you can have both them and test yourself..

dairy farm Business – What types of buffaloes can we choose from?

Well, there are quite a few to select from. However, the popular dairy breeds in India are; Hariyana, Jaffarabadi, Murrah, Nili Ravi, Mehsana, Surti and other local breeds.

dairy farm Business – Which buffalo is suitable for dairy farming?

Most of the breeds are suitable and it is up to you choose from based on price, milk yield and other management factors. Most of the dairy farmers showing interesting Murrah buffalo.

dairy farm Business – How much milk does Murrah give per day?

Milk yield depends on feed input and maintenance. On an average milk yield of any Murray, buffalo ranges from 8 to 18 litres per day (morning and evening).

dairy farm Business – What is the cost of Murrah buffalo?

It varies from buffalo to Buffalo. However, on an average, each Murrah buffalo costs about Rs 60,000 to Rs 90,000 depending on the qualities of the buffalo. In case of high milk yielding, they may cost even 2 to 3 lakhs. These are especially can be bought for breeding.

Dairy Farm Business – What factors determine the price of a Murrah buffalo?

Well, certain factors will decide the price of any buffalo not only Murrah. The following are main points influence the price.

  • Size and structure of the animal,
  • Milk yield per day
  • Hereditary of the buffalo
  • Lactation cycle.

Dairy Farm Business – What is lactation cycle in dairy farming?

Lactationcycle is nothing but calving cycle of the buffalo. For example, the second lactation means the buffalo has given birth for the second time.

dairy farm Business – Why is lactation cycle important in dairy farm business?

DairyFarm Business some facts you should know.

In any commercial dairy business, 2nd lactation and 3rd lactation animals are preferred. First lactation buffaloes might not be consistent as the buffaloes tend to adapt to motherhood. However, anything beyond the third lactation is considered as old or aged.

DairyFarm Business – How to identify lactation of a buffalo in dairy farm business?

It comes by experience. It’s usually easy to identify the first lactation and over the third lactation but it is a bit difficult to differentiate between second and third lactation.

DairyFarm Business : “ What is the milking period of Murrah buffalo in a year?

Basically, it ranges from 250 days to 300 days.

DairyFarm Business : “ What is the dry period of Murrah buffalo? (For how many dayswill the buffalo not give milk”?

Generally,it is between 65 to 100 days. But if you have missed heat cycles then it couldbe very long.

DairyFarm Business – What is heat cycle in dairy farm business?

Heatcycle is the period when the buffalo is ready to get pregnant again. Usually,this lasts 12 to 24 hours and during this period, the buffalo has to be matedwith a bull  (male) or artificially inseminated.

DairyFarm Business – How to identify heat cycle in dairy farming?

Thiscomes with experience.  Blind point is, usually buffaloes make matingnoise and urinate frequently when they are in heat.

DairyFarm Business – When does the buffalo come to heat after calving (after givingbirth)?

Well, itcould start 6 to 7 weeks after giving birth. Identifying heat cycle andimpregnating the buffalo as soon as it comes to heat is one of the factors thatdetermines success in dairy farm business.. This avoids buffalo having long dry(not giving milk between lactation) for long periods.

DairyFarm Business- What is a dry period?

This isthe period between when the buffalo stops giving milk and the next calving. Ifyou have identified heat cycle early and mated the buffalo then this will beshort or else it will be very long.

DairyFarm Business – Does the buffalo yield same amount of milk all through thelactation?

No.overall yield for the entire lactation is more important. Take an example, abuffalo which yielded 12 liters per day at calving might increase to 14 litersper day at third week and from there it slowly comedown to 12 liters and then staythe same way for long way and then it will slowly come down and come to a stop.So the

DairyFarm Business – How much profit canI make from Murrah buffalo dairy farming?

Well,there is no perfect answer for this. However, it depends on dairy managementpractices.

DairyFarm Business – How can make profits and successful in dairy farm business?

  • Interest is the main factor to be successful in dairy farming. Work with a passion to benefit from dairy farming.
  • Monitoring the farm is very important to involve and stay connected with daily activities on the farm.
  • For making home-grown fodder to avoid feed cost, make sure you have good land where you can cultivate green fodder. Make silage from these green fodders for better milk yield.
  • Choosing good quality and structured animals are important before entering into commercial dairy farm business.
  • Feed concentrate for animals should be bought at the lowest possible price.
  • In order to be a successful dairy farmer, good care of the calves in necessary. The female calves can start milking after 3 years which can reduce capital cost.
  • Identifying heat cycle early and inseminating the buffalo is important to avoid long dry periods.
  • Make sure to have a veterinary doctor visit the farm at least once in 2 weeks.
  • To make more profits in dairy farming, prepare good marketing plant to sell milk directly to the large consumers. So that milk collection units will be at your farm gate daily for buying in bulk.

How about any subsidy or bank loan to start a dairy farm?

Good question, there are subsidies available in dairy farming from state schemes.There are bank loans available for dairy projects from NABARD in India. For eligibility and procedure to avail the dairy farming benefits, contact your local agriculture bank or any NABARD office.

4. Why "Dairy Farming & Milk Production" is a business with huge potential in India ?

Published on Nov 4, 2016

Here We have tried to describe that, Why Dairy farming business with huge potential in India? India is becoming biggest market for milk and milk products now days and to promote it we have come up with information on why one should start a cow farm.

5. Modern Dairy Farm Technology in India

Published on Dec 16, 2016

Modern Dairy farm technology which is used in world wide. For any support-DFS +917838088047